First month of your baby’s life is called the neonatal period. It is extremely important for his organism development. It is also the period of your baby’s adaptation to the surrounding, and his future health depends on how he will spend this period of his life.
During the first month of his life an infant gains about half a pound. But it is necessary to remember, that a child is individuality, even beginning from his first hours. Each one has his own rate of development. That is if your baby gains less or more weight, and if he feels well (he sucks his norm of milk, looks healthy, etc.), there is no reason to get worried about it. Other indexes of the physical development are also changeable: the baby becomes about 3 cm. longer and the volume of his head and chest becomes half an inch larger.
A newborn baby’s movements are not coordinated. His hands are bended in the elbow areas and his legs – in the knees, his fists are tightly clenched. This is the evidence of a physiological hyper tonus of the muscles. This hyper tonus disappears by the 3rd – 4th month of a baby’s life. You should observe any movement of you child carefully, as it is the only way of his communication except crying. A baby is able to inform you about any discomfort he feels only with the help of a cry and with his moving activity. It is proved that little children, feeling pain, raise their thumbs and bends his toes. Having flatulence, he actively spins his legs. If a baby twists his head actively, it means, he has an ear ache. Learn to “read” your baby’s body language and you will be able to help him significantly.
They are completely developed right after a baby arrives. But his eyesight is weak yet. Babies do not see clearly and they are not able to fix their eyes. Most of them have sqint. If is normal for a newborn baby and will disappear soon. These phenomena may be explained by the immatureness of some organs and muscles. If you pay attention, you will notice, that a newborn cries without tears, they appear only during the 3rd – 4th weeks of his life. Notice his first tears – they signify first achievements of your baby.
A newborn baby perceives noise by standing. He is not able to distinguish the source and direction of it, and he does not turn his head yet. But having heard your voice he stands and listens, and calms down, if he cried before. Make an experiment and you will see, your baby really can hear!
From the moment of his birth a baby is able to distinguish his mother’s smell. There are children, who reject other women’s breasts and would suck only his mother’s one. You would better not use any perfumes, as you baby may not recognize you, and even reject your breast.
Defecation of a newborn baby depends on his feeding. If he is fed naturally, his defecation is porridge – like, having sour smell, and of a yellow – green colour. The amount of everyday defecations depends on the child: from 3 to 6, but no more than 7 – after every feeding.
If a baby is fed artificially, his defecation are thicker, light – yellow or brown in colour, and with a very unpleasant smell. The defecation frequency is no more than 1 – 3 times a day.
If a baby is fed by adapted mixtures, the defecation qualities are similar to those, which occur at the natural feeding.