|Skin and Hypodermic Tissue|
|The newborn’s skin consists of derma epidermis and a very thin, weekly developed main tissue between them. The corneous layer of the epidermis is extremely thin, and it gets injured easily. You may not rub your baby with a towel after he had a bath; it is necessary to press a soft towel or linen to his skin in order to dry it. You should wash your hands with soap every time, before taking a baby, then you will not infect his skin. |
The newborn arrives, covered with a special coagulated lubricant, which is cleaned by cotton and oil. The skin of a newborn is somewhat white-blueish, but as soon as he begins to breathe, it becomes rosy, and then scarlet red- the physiological skin catarrh. Babies, who arrived before their natural term have especially vivid physiological skin catarrh. This red colour gets its maximum during first two days of a baby’s life, and then his skin gets covered with some skin peeling, which is often accompanied by the icteric skin colour the physiological icterus of newborns. This icteric colouring reaches its peak by the 2nd – 3rd day of baby’s life; and it disappears as a rule by the 7th – 10th day.
If a baby, who arrived in his natural term has a prolonged icterus needs some additional investigations to be conducted, as it may be a reason of some physiological changes. The prolonged icterus may mean a rhesus-conflict of a baby with his mother. But it may also be a reason of a serious disease, like hypothyriodism, congenital icterohemolytic anemia, sepsis, etc.
Sebaceous glands are spread all over the skin except palms and soles. Some newborn babies may have yellowish-white dots on their nostrils and nosetips. These dots contain the accumulated secretion. Such skin changes should not be cured, as they disappear themselves.
Newborns’ shoulders and back may be covered with gentle fluff. It is normal.
Each baby’s scalp is different. Some children arrive with quite long hair, others stay bare – headed for some period of time. It depends on the individual peculiarities of a newborn baby.
Nails achieve tops of fingers if a baby arrived in his natural time. It is considered to be one of the matureness criterions.
Sometimes red spots appear on the newborn baby’s skin. It usually happens with babies, susceptible to allergy, if his mother consumes much chocolate, eggs, oranges, tangerines or other citric plants. As soon as a women stops consuming these products.
Skin is the organ of protection, thanks to it firmness and ability to endure tension and pressure. But baby’s skin is much weaker, it gets damaged easily, has no resistibility to chemical influence and infections. It is connected with its thinness and with the local immunity immatureness.
Children have drier skin than adults do, that is why it has tendency to peeling. These peculiarities become reason of the most frequent changes, like erithema, diaper dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, etc.
Skin is the organ of respiration. Babies have 8 times higher skin respiration intensity, than adults do. That is why it is extremely important to wash little children regularly in order their skin would stay clean and skin pores would be opened all the time.
The secretory function of babies’ skin is far from being perfect, their sudoriferous glands are not developed completely. Newborn babies and children of the first several months of their life do not have perfect skin body temperature regulation as well, and they are susceptible to overheating and supercooling.
The resorptional function is heightened, and because of it there are some creams and ointments, the use of which is contra-indicated.
Skin is the complicated organ of sense. Numerous different receptors, which accept the outer irritation, are pledged in it, and this is the reason of skin’s extremely important role in the baby’s organism to the conditions of the outer surrounding adaptation.
Skin is the ferments, vitamins, and biologically active substances’ formation place. For example, under the sun ultraviolet rays influence the Vitamin D is formed in it. So, it would be extremely useful for you little one, if you kept him naked under the direct sunrays.